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Standards for talking and thinking about validity

Newton, P; Shaw, S; (2013) Standards for talking and thinking about validity. Psychological Methods , 18 (3)

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Abstract

Standards for talking and thinking about validity have been promulgated in North America for decades. In 1954, two influential rulings were made: (i) thou shalt not refer to ?the validity of the test?; (ii) thou shalt use validity modifier labels, such as ?content validity? or ?predictive validity?. Subsequently, in 1985, the latter became: thou shalt not use validity modifier labels. These standards for talking about validity have repeatedly been disregarded over the years. Possible reasons include: intentional misuse, whilst upholding standards for thinking about validity; lack of awareness or misunderstanding of standards for thinking about validity; and genuine divergence from standards for thinking about validity. Although there does seem to be some consensus over the principles embodied in current standards for thinking about validity, the proper application of the term ?validity? is hotly debated. One way of resolving this debate would be to abandon the term ?validity? and to adopt the term ?quality? instead.

Type: Article
Title: Standards for talking and thinking about validity
Keywords: validity, quality, evaluation, validation
UCL classification: UCL > School of Education
UCL > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1506684
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