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Observations and modeling of the early acceleration phase of erupting filaments involved in coronal mass ejections

Schrijver, CJ; Elmore, C; Kliem, B; Torok, T; Title, AM; (2008) Observations and modeling of the early acceleration phase of erupting filaments involved in coronal mass ejections. ASTROPHYS J , 674 (1) 586 - 595.

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Abstract

We examine the early phases of two near-limb filament destabilizations involved in coronal mass ejections (CMEs) on 2005 June 16 and July 27, using high-resolution, high-cadence observations made with the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE), complemented by coronagraphic observations by the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The filaments' heights above the solar limb in their rapid-acceleration phases are best characterized by a height dependence h(t) proportional to t(m) with m near, or slightly above, 3 for both events. Such profiles are incompatible with published results for breakout, MHD-instability, and catastrophe models. We show numerical simulations of the torus instability that approximate this height evolution in case a substantial initial velocity perturbation is applied to the developing instability. We argue that the sensitivity of magnetic instabilities to initial and boundary conditions requires higher fidelity modeling of all proposed mechanisms if observations of rise profiles are to be used to differentiate between them. The observations show no significant delays between the motions of the filament and of overlying loops: the filaments seem to move as part of the overall coronal field until several minutes after the onset of the rapid-acceleration phase.

Type:Article
Title:Observations and modeling of the early acceleration phase of erupting filaments involved in coronal mass ejections
Keywords:SOLAR-FLARES, RAPID ACCELERATION, KINK INSTABILITY, MAGNETIC LOOP, FLUX ROPES, ONSET
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics

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