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A Frameshift in CSF2RB Predominant Among Ashkenazi Jews Increases Risk for Crohn's Disease and Reduces Monocyte Signaling via GMCSF

Chuang, LS; Villaverde, N; Hui, KY; Mortha, A; Rahman, A; Levine, AP; Haritunians, T; ... Cho, JH; + view all (2016) A Frameshift in CSF2RB Predominant Among Ashkenazi Jews Increases Risk for Crohn's Disease and Reduces Monocyte Signaling via GMCSF. Gastroenterology , 151 (4) 710-723.e2. 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.06.045. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Crohn's disease (CD) has the highest prevalence in Ashkenazi Jewish populations. We sought to identify rare, CD-associated frameshift variants of high functional and statistical effects. METHODS: We performed exome-sequencing and array-based genotype analyses of 1477 Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with CD and 2614 Ashkenazi Jewish individuals without CD (controls). To validate our findings, we performed genotype analyses of an additional 1515 CD cases and 7052 controls for frameshift mutations in the colony stimulating factor 2 receptor beta common subunit gene (CSF2RB). Intestinal tissues and blood samples were collected from patients with CD; lamina propria leukocytes were isolated and expression of CSF2RB and GMCSF-responsive cells were defined by mass cytometry (CyTOF analysis). Variants of CSF2RB were transfected into HEK293 cells and expression and functions of gene products were compared. RESULTS: In the discovery cohort, we associated CD with a frameshift mutation in CSF2RB (P=8.52x10-4); the finding was validated in the replication cohort (combined P=3.42x10-6). Incubation of intestinal lamina propria leukocytes with GMCSF resulted in high levels of phosphorylation of STAT5 and lesser increases in phosphorylation of ERK and AKT. Cells co-transfected with full-length and mutant forms of CSF2RB had reduced pSTAT5 following stimulation with GMCSF, compared to cells transfected with control CSF2RB, indicating a dominant negative effect of the mutant gene. Monocytes from patients with CD who were heterozygous for the frameshift mutation (6% of CD cases analyzed) had reduced responses to GMCSF and markedly decreased activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase; activity of this enzyme has been associated with immune tolerance. CONCLUSIONS: In a genetic analysis of Ashkenazi Jewish individuals, we associated CD with a frameshift mutation in CSF2RB. Intestinal monocytes from carriers of this mutation had reduced responses to GMCSF, providing an additional mechanism for alterations to the innate immune response in individuals with CD.

Type: Article
Title: A Frameshift in CSF2RB Predominant Among Ashkenazi Jews Increases Risk for Crohn's Disease and Reduces Monocyte Signaling via GMCSF
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.06.045
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2016.06.045
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 by the AGA Institute. This manuscript version is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Ethnic variation, ibd, inflammatory bowel disease, risk factor
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Internal Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1504728
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