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A single-image retrieval method for edge illumination X-ray phase-contrast imaging: Application and noise analysis

Diemoz, PC; Vittoria, FA; Hagen, CK; Endrizzi, M; Coan, P; Bravin, A; Wagner, UH; ... Olivo, A; + view all (2016) A single-image retrieval method for edge illumination X-ray phase-contrast imaging: Application and noise analysis. Physica Medica , 32 (12) pp. 1759-1764. 10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.07.093. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: Edge illumination (EI) X-ray phase-contrast imaging (XPCI) has been under development at University College London in recent years, and has shown great potential for both laboratory and synchrotron applications. In this work, we propose a new acquisition and processing scheme. Contrary to existing retrieval methods for EI, which require as input two images acquired in different setup configurations, the proposed approach can retrieve an approximate map of the X-ray phase from a single image, thus significantly simplifying the acquisition procedure and reducing data collection times. Methods: The retrieval method is analytically derived, based on the assumption of a quasi-homogeneous object, i.e. an object featuring a constant ratio between refractive index and absorption coefficient. The noise properties of the input and retrieved images are also theoretically analyzed under the developed formalism. The method is applied to experimental synchrotron images of a biological object. Results: The experimental results show that the method can provide high-quality images, where the “edge” signal typical of XPCI images is transformed to an “area” contrast that enables an easier interpretation of the sample geometry. Moreover, the retrieved images confirm that the method is highly stable against noise. Conclusions: We anticipate that the developed approach will become the method of choice for a variety of applications of EI XPCI, thanks to its ability to simplify the acquisition procedure and reduce acquisitions time and dose to the sample. Future work will focus on the adaptation of the method to computed tomography and to polychromatic radiation from X-ray tubes.

Type: Article
Title: A single-image retrieval method for edge illumination X-ray phase-contrast imaging: Application and noise analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.07.093
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.07.093
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Phase-contrast imaging, Edge illumination, Fast imaging, Phase retrieval
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1503988
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