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Influence of heart rate and atrial transport on left ventricular volume and function: relation to hemodynamic changes produced by supraventricular arrhythmia.

Hung, J; Kelly, DT; Hutton, BF; Uther, JB; Baird, DK; (1981) Influence of heart rate and atrial transport on left ventricular volume and function: relation to hemodynamic changes produced by supraventricular arrhythmia. Am J Cardiol , 48 (4) pp. 632-638.

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Abstract

The response of the left ventricle to pacing-induced changes in heart rate and the atrioventricular (A-V) relation was examined with equilibrium gated radionuclide ventriculography in 20 patients who had normal ventricular function after surgery for recurrent supraventricular tachycardia. In 10 patients count-derived left ventricular ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume and stroke volume were measured during sinus rhythm and during atrial pacing at 120, 140 and 160 beats/min. In the other 10 patients similar determinations were made during sequential A-V and simultaneous ventricular and atrial (V/A) pacing, both at rates of 100 and 160 beats/min. Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change significantly with atrial pacing (from 0.65 +/- 0.02 [mean +/- standard error of the mean] at a baseline sinus rate of 91 +/- 3 beats/min to 0.62 +/- 0.03 at 160 beats/min) despite a progressive decrease in end-diastolic volume. The percent reduction in end-diastolic volume (% delta EDV) and stroke volume (+ delta SV) from the baseline values was linear and related to change in heart rate (delta HR) as % delta EDV = -0.60 delta HR + 5.19 (r = 0.71; p less than 0.01) and % delta SV = -0.62 delta HR + 5.03 (r = 0.76; p less than 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction with baseline sequential A-V pacing at 100 beats/min was 0.67 +/- 0.03 and not significantly altered by either sequential A-V or simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min. At 100 beats/min, loss of atrial transport with simultaneous V/A pacing resulted in a small reduction in end-diastolic volume from a baseline value of -9.0 +/- 1.9 percent (p less than 0.01) and a nonsignificant reduction in stroke volume of -3.7 +/- 1.6 percent. During simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min, the reduction in end-diastolic and stroke volumes from the baseline value was -26.6 +/- 3.8 percent and -28.8 +/- 4.3 percent, respectively (both p less than 0.01), but was significantly smaller (-16.1 +/- 3.6 percent and -19.2 +/- 4.1 percent, respectively [p less than 0.05]) when atrial transport was maintained during sequential A-V pacing at the same heart rate. During simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min, two thirds of the reduction in end-diastolic and stroke volumes from the baseline value was due to the increment in heart rate as assessed from sequential A-V pacing and the other third was due to loss of atrial transport. The data indicate that the hemodynamic consequences of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with normal ventricular function are due primarily to decreases in ventricular volume as heart rate is increased and atrial contribution is lost rather than to any changes in left ventricular ejection fraction.

Type: Article
Title: Influence of heart rate and atrial transport on left ventricular volume and function: relation to hemodynamic changes produced by supraventricular arrhythmia.
Location: United States
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Arrhythmias, Cardiac, Female, Heart, Heart Atria, Heart Block, Heart Conduction System, Heart Ventricles, Hemodynamics, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Radionuclide Imaging, Sodium Pertechnetate Tc 99m, Stroke Volume, Technetium, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1502598
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