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Computer simulations of the effect of atomic structure and coordination on the stabilities and melting behaviour of copper surfaces and nano-particles

Daff, TD; Saadoune, I; Lisiecki, I; de Leeuw, NH; (2009) Computer simulations of the effect of atomic structure and coordination on the stabilities and melting behaviour of copper surfaces and nano-particles. SURF SCI , 603 (3) 445 - 454. 10.1016/j.susc.2008.11.031.

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Abstract

We have studied the structures and stabilities of copper nano-particles and the melting properties of copper surfaces using interatomic potential-based molecular dynamics simulations, where the (111) surface has been shown to be the most stable in terms of surface energy and melting behaviour. Low energy shapes of nano-particles are influenced by the surfaces present and therefore have a higher proportion Of (111) Surface. The effect of surface structure on stability becomes less marked as the size of the nano-particle is increased. Melting is observed to occur below the bulk melting temperature in all the surfaces investigated, at increasingly lower temperatures from the (111), (100), (110) down to the (210) surface, confirming their order of decreasing stability. The melting processes of defective close-packed copper surfaces were also simulated. Steps, kinks, and facets were all shown to accelerate the melting of the surfaces. The melting is shown to initiate at the site of the defect and the results demonstrate that it is the low-coordinated atoms, at the step edge or kink, that ire more mobile at lower temperatures. These features facilitate surface melting even further below the melting temperature than was observed for the perfect surfaces. Furthermore, facets of (100) surface were shown to be unstable even at moderate temperatures on the close-packed surface. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Computer simulations of the effect of atomic structure and coordination on the stabilities and melting behaviour of copper surfaces and nano-particles
DOI:10.1016/j.susc.2008.11.031
Keywords:Surface melting, Surface structure, morphology, roughness and topography, Nano-particles, Surface defects, Copper, Computer simulations, Molecular dynamics, SCANNING-TUNNELING-MICROSCOPY, EQUILIBRIUM CRYSTAL SHAPES, MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS, CU(110) SURFACE, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, MULTILAYER RELAXATION, TRANSITION-METALS, EMPIRICAL POTENTIALS, FREE-ENERGIES, FCC METALS
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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