D'Aiuto, F; Sabbah, W; Netuveli, G; Donos, N; Hingorani, AD; Deanfield, J; Tsakos, G; (2008) Association of the metabolic syndrome with severe periodontitis in a large US population-based survey. J CLIN ENDOCR METAB , 93 (10) 3989 - 3994. 10.1210/jc.2007-2522.
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Context: Metabolic syndrome and periodontitis both have an increasing prevalence worldwide; however, limited information is available on their association.Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the association between periodontitis and the metabolic syndrome in a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of the non-institutionalized civilians in the United States.Design, Setting, and Participants: Data analysis from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey on 13,994 men and women aged 17 yr or older who received periodontal examination were studied.Main Outcome Measures: Association of diagnosis and extent of periodontitis (gingival bleeding, probing pocket depths) with the metabolic syndrome and its individual component conditions (central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, hypertension, and insulin resistance) were measured. Adjustment for age, sex, years of education, poverty to income ratio, ethnicity, general conditions, and smoking were considered.Results: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 18% [95% confidence interval (CI) 16-19], 34% (95% CI 29-38), and 37% (95% CI 28-48) among individuals with no-mild, moderate, and severe periodontitis, respectively. After adjusting for confounders, participants aged older than 45 yr suffering from severe periodontitis were 2.31 times (95% CI 1.13-4.73) more likely to have the metabolic syndrome than unaffected individuals. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome increased by 1.12 times (95% CI 1.07-1.18) per 10% increase in gingival bleeding and 1.13 times (95% CI 1.03-1.24) per 10% increase in the proportion of periodontal pockets.Conclusions: Severe periodontitis is associated with metabolic syndrome in middle-aged individuals. Further studies are required to test whether improvements in oral health lead to reductions in cardiometabolic traits and the risk of metabolic syndrome or vice versa.
|Title:||Association of the metabolic syndrome with severe periodontitis in a large US population-based survey|
|Keywords:||NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY, INTERNATIONAL-DIABETES-FEDERATION, 3RD NATIONAL-HEALTH, C-REACTIVE PROTEIN, ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION, CARDIOVASCULAR RISK, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, DISEASE, INFLAMMATION, DEFINITIONS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences|
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Epidemiology and Public Health
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