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A new family of capillary waves

Vanden-Broeck, JM; Keller, JB; (1980) A new family of capillary waves. Journal of Fluid Mechanics , 98 (1) pp. 161-169. 10.1017/S0022112080000080.

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Abstract

A new family of finite-amplitude periodic progressive capillary waves is presented. They occur on the surface of a fluid of infinite depth in the absence of gravity. Each pair of adjacent waves touch at one point and enclose a bubble at pressure P. P depends upon the wave steepness s, which is the vertical distance from trough to crest divided by the wavelength. Previously Crapper found a family of waves without bubbles for 0 ≤ s ≤ s* = 0·730. Our solutions occur for all s > s** = 0·663, with the trough taken to be the bottom of the bubble. As s → ∞, the bubbles become long and narrow, while the top surface tends to a periodic array of semicircles in contact with one another. The solutions were obtained by formulating the problem as a nonlinear integral equation for the free surface. By introducing a mesh and difference method, we converted this equation into a finite set of nonlinear algebraic equations. These equations were solved by Newton's method. Graphs and tables of the results are included. These waves enlarge the class of phenomena which can occur in an ideal fluid, but they do not seem to have been observed. © 1980, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: A new family of capillary waves
DOI: 10.1017/S0022112080000080
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1501527
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