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De novo LMNA mutations cause a new form of congenital muscular dystrophy

Quijano-Roy, S; Mbieleu, B; Bonnemann, CG; Jeannet, PY; Colomer, J; Clarke, NF; Cuisset, JM; ... Estournet, B; + view all (2008) De novo LMNA mutations cause a new form of congenital muscular dystrophy. ANN NEUROL , 64 (2) 177 - 186. 10.1002/ana.21417.

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Abstract

Objective: To describe a new entity of congenital muscular dystrophies caused by de novo LMNA mutations.Methods: Fifteen patients presenting with a myopathy of onset in the first year of life were subjected to neurological and genetic evaluation. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed for all patients.Results: The 15 patients presented with Muscle weakness in the first year of life, and all had de novo heterozygous LMNA mutations. Three of them had severe early-onset disease, no motor dcvelopinent, and the rest experienced development of a "dropped head" syndrome phenotype, Despite variable severity, there was a consistent clinical pattern. Patients typically presented with selective axial weakness and wasting of the cervicoaxial muscles. Limb involvement was predominantly, proximal in upper extremities and distal in lower extremities. Talipes feet and a rigid spine with thoracic lordosis developed early. Proximal contractures appeared later, most often in lower limbs, sparing the elbows. Ten children required ventilatory support, three continuously through tracheotomy. Cardiac arrhythmias were observed in four of the oldest patients but were symptomatic only in one. Creatine kinase levels were mild to moderately increased. Muscle biopsies showed dystrophic changes in nine children and nonspecific myopathic changes in the remaining. Markedly atrophic fibers were common, most often type 1, and a few patients showed positive inflammatory markets.Interpretation: The LMNA mutations identified appear to correlate with a relatively severe phenotype. Our results further broaden the spectrum of laminopathies and define a new disease entity that we suggest is best classified as a congenital muscular dystrophy (LMNA-related congenital Muscular dystrophy, or L-CMD).

Type: Article
Title: De novo LMNA mutations cause a new form of congenital muscular dystrophy
DOI: 10.1002/ana.21417
Keywords: LAMIN A/C GENE, EXTREME VARIABILITY, MEROSIN DEFICIENCY, PHENOTYPE, DISEASE, ONSET, CARDIOMYOPATHY, INVOLVEMENT, SEVERITY, FAMILIES
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/150131
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