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Outflows at the edges of active regions: Contribution to solar wind formation?

Harra, LK; Sakao, T; Mandrini, CH; Hara, H; Imada, S; Young, PR; ... Baker, D; + view all (2008) Outflows at the edges of active regions: Contribution to solar wind formation? ASTROPHYS J LETT , 676 (2) L147 - L150.

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Abstract

The formation of the slow solar wind has been debated for many years. In this Letter we show evidence of persistent outflow at the edges of an active region as measured by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode. The Doppler velocity ranged between 20 and 50 km s(-1) and was consistent with a steady flow seen in the X-Ray Telescope. The latter showed steady, pulsing outflowing material and some transverse motions of the loops. We analyze the magnetic field around the active region and produce a coronal magnetic field model. We determine from the latter that the outflow speeds adjusted for line-of-sight effects can reach over 100 km s(-1). We can interpret this outflow as expansion of loops that lie over the active region, which may either reconnect with neighboring large-scale loops or are likely to open to the interplanetary space. This material constitutes at least part of the slow solar wind.

Type:Article
Title:Outflows at the edges of active regions: Contribution to solar wind formation?
Keywords:solar wind, X-RAY TELESCOPE, IMAGING SPECTROMETER, TRANSITION REGION, MAGNETIC-FIELD, HINODE, YOHKOH, MISSION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics

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