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Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans

Hofmanová, Z; Kreutzer, S; Hellenthal, G; Sell, C; Diekmann, Y; Díez-Del-Molino, D; van Dorp, L; ... Burger, J; + view all (2016) Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 113 (25) pp. 6886-6891. 10.1073/pnas.1523951113. Green open access

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Abstract

Farming and sedentism first appeared in southwestern Asia during the early Holocene and later spread to neighboring regions, including Europe, along multiple dispersal routes. Conspicuous uncertainties remain about the relative roles of migration, cultural diffusion, and admixture with local foragers in the early Neolithization of Europe. Here we present paleogenomic data for five Neolithic individuals from northern Greece and northwestern Turkey spanning the time and region of the earliest spread of farming into Europe. We use a novel approach to recalibrate raw reads and call genotypes from ancient DNA and observe striking genetic similarity both among Aegean early farmers and with those from across Europe. Our study demonstrates a direct genetic link between Mediterranean and Central European early farmers and those of Greece and Anatolia, extending the European Neolithic migratory chain all the way back to southwestern Asia.

Type: Article
Title: Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1523951113
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1523951113
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 National Academy of Sciences. This is the accepted manuscript version of this article; the final published version can be found on the PNAS website at http://www.pnas.org/content/113/25/6886
Keywords: Anatolia, Greece, Mesolithic, Neolithic, paleogenomics
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1496921
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