Gourine, AV (2005) On the peripheral and central chemoreception and control of breathing: an emerging role of ATP. J Physiol , 568 (Pt 3) 715 - 724. 10.1113/jphysiol.2005.095968.
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Peripheral and central respiratory chemoreceptors are ultimately responsible for maintenance of constant levels of arterial P(O2), P(CO2) and [H+], protecting the brain from hypoxia and ensuring that the breathing is always appropriate for metabolism. The aim of this discussion is to shed some light on the potential mechanisms of chemosensory transduction - the process which links chemosensory mechanisms to the central nervous mechanisms controlling breathing. Recent experimental data suggest that the purine nucleotide ATP acts as a common mediator of peripheral and central chemosensory transduction (within the carotid body and the medulla oblongata, respectively). In response to a decrease in P(O2) (hypoxia) oxygen-sensitive glomus cells of the carotid body release ATP to activate chemoafferent fibres of the carotid sinus nerve which transmit this information to the brainstem respiratory centres. In response to an increase in P(CO2)/[H+] (hypercapnia) chemosensitive structures located on the ventral surface of the medulla oblongata rapidly release ATP, which acts locally within the medullary respiratory network. The functional role of ATP released at both sites is similar--to evoke adaptive enhancement in breathing. Understanding the mechanisms of ATP release in response to chemosensory stimulation may prove to be essential for further detailed analysis of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying respiratory chemosensitivity.
|Title:||On the peripheral and central chemoreception and control of breathing: an emerging role of ATP.|
|Additional information:||PMCID: PMC1464180|
|Keywords:||Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Brain, Carotid Body, Chemoreceptor Cells, Computer Simulation, Feedback, Humans, Models, Biological, Peripheral Nervous System, Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Respiratory Mechanics|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology|
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