Sanderson, SC; Wardle, J; (2005) Will genetic testing for complex diseases increase motivation to quit smoking? Anticipated reactions in a survey of smokers. HEALTH EDUC BEHAV , 32 (5) 640 - 653. 10.1177/1090198105278756.
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The aim of this study was to improve understanding of smokers' potential reactions to genetic testing for smoking-related diseases. One thousand twenty-four respondents completed a postal survey; 186 were smokers. Questions addressed anticipated psychological and behavioral reactions to genetic test results using hypothetical scenarios. Of smokers, 65% anticipated being motivated to quit smoking upon receiving a positive genetic test result; 39% anticipated being demotivated by a negative result. More smokers anticipated being depressed in response to receiving a positive result for cancer than for heart disease (40% vs. 24%). Anticipated motivation was associated with higher desire to quit and lower nicotine addiction, anticipated depression with poorer understanding of genetic testing, and anticipated demotivation with lower education. Smokers who have a high desire to quit may use genetic testing as a motivational tool. Understanding of genetics may be important in determining how individuals respond to genetic tests for complex diseases.
|Title:||Will genetic testing for complex diseases increase motivation to quit smoking? Anticipated reactions in a survey of smokers|
|Keywords:||genetic testing, complex diseases, clinical utility, smoking, LUNG-CANCER RISK, FEAR APPEALS, CESSATION TREATMENT, INFORMATION, SUSCEPTIBILITY, METAANALYSIS, HEALTH, FUTURE, INTERVENTIONS, POLYMORPHISM|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Epidemiology and Public Health|
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