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Human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis B virus infection, and sexual behaviour of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic.

Evans, BA; McCormack, SM; Bond, RA; MacRae, KD; Thorp, RW; (1988) Human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis B virus infection, and sexual behaviour of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) , 296 (6620) pp. 473-475.

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Abstract

During the six months immediately after a public information campaign about the acquired immune deficiency syndrome 1115 women who attended a genitourinary medicine clinic in west London were tested for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Three women (0.27%) were positive, and all three were regular sexual partners of men with high risk lifestyles--two intravenous drug users and one bisexual. A consecutive series of 647 women from the cohort was tested for antibodies for hepatitis B core antigen: 27 were positive, of whom six had been born in the United Kingdom and were not known to have been at risk. The two women who were seropositive for HIV who completed a questionnaire on their sexual behaviour before they were tested reported both anal and oral receipt of semen and were in the upper fifth percentile for lifetime sexual partners. More than half (53%) of 424 women who reported that they had non-regular sexual partners never used a condom. It is concluded that heterosexual women in London are at a low risk of becoming infected with HIV.

Type: Article
Title: Human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis B virus infection, and sexual behaviour of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic.
Location: England
Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Antibodies, Antibody Formation, Antigen-antibody Reactions, Behavior, Biology, Cohort Analysis, Condom, Correlation Studies, Delivery Of Health Care, Developed Countries, Diseases, England, Epidemiologic Methods, Europe, Examinations And Diagnoses, Health, Health Facilities, Hepatic Effects, Hiv Infections, Homosexuals, Immunity, Immunologic Factors, Infections, Northern Europe, Outpatient Clinic, Physiology, Population At Risk, Reproductive Tract Infections, Research Methodology, Research Report, Sex Behavior, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Statistical Studies, Studies, United Kingdom, Viral Diseases, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Antibodies, Viral, Female, HIV, HIV Antibodies, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Antibodies, Hepatitis B Core Antigens, Humans, Risk Factors, Sexual Behavior, Sexual Partners
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
?? G10 ??
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1494590
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