Immunoelectron microscopic study of glutamate inputs from the retrosplenial granular cortex to identified thalamocortical projection neurons in the anterior thalamus of the rat.
Brain Res Bull
We have carried out an ultrastructural study to determine the characteristics and distribution of glutamate-containing constituents of the anterodorsal (AD) and anteroventral (AV) thalamic nuclei in adult rats. We used a polyclonal antibody to glutamate and a postembedding immunogold detection method in animals in which the neurons of AD/AV projecting to the cortex had been retrogradely labelled and the terminals of corticothalamic afferents anterogradely labelled by injection of cholera toxin-horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the retrosplenial granular cortex. The heaviest immunogold labelling was over axon terminals 0.42 to 2.2 microm in diameter containing round synaptic vesicles and establishing Gray type 1 (asymmetric) synaptic contact (type 1 terminals) on HRP-labelled or non-labelled dendrites. Mean gold particle densities over such terminals were 3-4 times higher than the densities over the dendrites to which they were presynaptic and 5-6 times higher than over terminals establishing Gray type 2 (symmetric) synaptic contacts (type 2 terminals). Gold particle densities over neuronal cell bodies and dendrites and over a subpopulation of myelinated axons were intermediate between the densities over type 1 and type 2 terminals. In adjacent serial sections immunoreacted for gamma aminobutyric acid, type 2 terminals were heavily immunolabelled whereas type 1 terminals and other profiles with moderate gold particle densities after glutamate immunoreaction displayed very low labelling. A subpopulation of small type 1 axon terminals (up to 1 microm diameter) contained HRP reaction product identifying them as cortical in origin; they contacted small dendritic profiles (most <1 microm diameter) many of which also contained HRP reaction product. We conclude that terminals of the corticothalamic projection from retrosplenial granular cortex to AD/AV are glutamatergic and innervate predominantly distal dendrites of thalamocortical projection neurons.
|Title:||Immunoelectron microscopic study of glutamate inputs from the retrosplenial granular cortex to identified thalamocortical projection neurons in the anterior thalamus of the rat.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Anterior Thalamic Nuclei, Cerebral Cortex, Cholera Toxin, Glutamic Acid, Horseradish Peroxidase, Microscopy, Immunoelectron, Neural Pathways, Neurons, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Synapses, Tissue Embedding|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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