Immunoelectron microscopic study of glutamate inputs from the retrosplenial granular cortex to identified thalamocortical projection neurons in the anterior thalamus of the rat.
Brain Res Bull
63 - 76.
We have carried out an ultrastructural study to determine the characteristics and distribution of glutamate-containing constituents of the anterodorsal (AD) and anteroventral (AV) thalamic nuclei in adult rats. We used a polyclonal antibody to glutamate and a postembedding immunogold detection method in animals in which the neurons of AD/AV projecting to the cortex had been retrogradely labelled and the terminals of corticothalamic afferents anterogradely labelled by injection of cholera toxin-horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the retrosplenial granular cortex. The heaviest immunogold labelling was over axon terminals 0.42 to 2.2 microm in diameter containing round synaptic vesicles and establishing Gray type 1 (asymmetric) synaptic contact (type 1 terminals) on HRP-labelled or non-labelled dendrites. Mean gold particle densities over such terminals were 3-4 times higher than the densities over the dendrites to which they were presynaptic and 5-6 times higher than over terminals establishing Gray type 2 (symmetric) synaptic contacts (type 2 terminals). Gold particle densities over neuronal cell bodies and dendrites and over a subpopulation of myelinated axons were intermediate between the densities over type 1 and type 2 terminals. In adjacent serial sections immunoreacted for gamma aminobutyric acid, type 2 terminals were heavily immunolabelled whereas type 1 terminals and other profiles with moderate gold particle densities after glutamate immunoreaction displayed very low labelling. A subpopulation of small type 1 axon terminals (up to 1 microm diameter) contained HRP reaction product identifying them as cortical in origin; they contacted small dendritic profiles (most <1 microm diameter) many of which also contained HRP reaction product. We conclude that terminals of the corticothalamic projection from retrosplenial granular cortex to AD/AV are glutamatergic and innervate predominantly distal dendrites of thalamocortical projection neurons.
|Title:||Immunoelectron microscopic study of glutamate inputs from the retrosplenial granular cortex to identified thalamocortical projection neurons in the anterior thalamus of the rat.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Anterior Thalamic Nuclei, Cerebral Cortex, Cholera Toxin, Glutamic Acid, Horseradish Peroxidase, Microscopy, Immunoelectron, Neural Pathways, Neurons, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Synapses, Tissue Embedding|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)|
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