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Natufian collective burial practice and cranial pigmentation: A reconstruction from Azraq 18 (Jordan)

Bocquentin, F; Garrard, A; (2016) Natufian collective burial practice and cranial pigmentation: A reconstruction from Azraq 18 (Jordan). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports , 10 pp. 693-702. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.05.030. Green open access

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Abstract

The collective grave from Azraq 18 in Jordan provides an exceptional case-study of Natufian burial treatment from a site outside what was traditionally regarded as the core settlement area of the Mediterranean zone. Despite the bones being in a poor state of preservation, the meticulous excavation and recording of the material from the burial pit permits the reconstruction of the funerary treatment of each individual and of the history of the collective burial feature through time. Through detailed osteological analysis, techniques for unravelling the formation processes involved in the creation of the commingled assemblage of bones are presented. These aid reconstruction of burial practices and the subsequent secondary handling of the skeletal remains. Amongst the collective graves known from the Natufian, Azraq 18 provides some of the best information on the various steps involved in their creation. In addition, two crania show traces of pigmentation attesting to elaborate and rare secondary treatment of skeletal material in Natufian contexts.

Type: Article
Title: Natufian collective burial practice and cranial pigmentation: A reconstruction from Azraq 18 (Jordan)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.05.030
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.05.030
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an Open Access article made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Early Natufian; Successive burials; Collective funerary space; Bone spatial distribution; Secondary bone handling; Cranial pigmentation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1493437
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