UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Skeletal regeneration in the brittle star Amphiura filiformis

Czarkwiani, A; Ferrario, C; Dylus, DV; Sugni, M; Oliveri, P; (2016) Skeletal regeneration in the brittle star Amphiura filiformis. Frontiers in Zoology , 13 , Article 18. 10.1186/s12983-016-0149-x. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Front Zool 2016 Czarkwiani.pdf - ["content_typename_Published version" not defined]

Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brittle stars regenerate their whole arms post-amputation. Amphiura filiformis can now be used for molecular characterization of arm regeneration due to the availability of transcriptomic data. Previous work showed that specific developmental transcription factors known to take part in echinoderm skeletogenesis are expressed during adult arm regeneration in A. filiformis; however, the process of skeleton formation remained poorly understood. Here, we present the results of an in-depth microscopic analysis of skeletal morphogenesis during regeneration, using calcein staining, EdU labeling and in situ hybridization. RESULTS: To better compare different samples, we propose a staging system for the early A. filiformis arm regeneration stages based on morphological landmarks identifiable in living animals and supported by histological analysis. We show that the calcified spicules forming the endoskeleton first appear very early during regeneration in the dermal layer of regenerates. These spicules then mature into complex skeletal elements of the differentiated arm during late regeneration. The mesenchymal cells in the dermal area express the skeletal marker genes Afi-c-lectin, Afi-p58b and Afi-p19; however, EdU labeling shows that these dermal cells do not proliferate. CONCLUSIONS: A. filiformis arms regenerate through a consistent set of developmental stages using a distalization-intercalation mode, despite variability in regeneration rate. Skeletal elements form in a mesenchymal cell layer that does not proliferate and thus must be supplied from a different source. Our work provides the basis for future cellular and molecular studies of skeleton regeneration in brittle stars.

Type: Article
Title: Skeletal regeneration in the brittle star Amphiura filiformis
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12983-016-0149-x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12983-016-0149-x
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Czarkwiani et al. 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://​creativecommons.​org/​publicdomain/​zero/​1.​0/​) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: Brittle star, C-lectin, Echinoderms, Proliferation, Regeneration, Skeleton, p19, p58b
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1492708
Downloads since deposit
66Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item