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Intelligent Multifunctional VO2/SiO2/TiO2 Coatings for Self-Cleaning, Energy-Saving Window Panels

Powell, MJ; Quesada-Cabrera, R; Taylor, A; Teixeira, D; Papakonstantinou, I; Palgrave, RG; Sankar, G; (2016) Intelligent Multifunctional VO2/SiO2/TiO2 Coatings for Self-Cleaning, Energy-Saving Window Panels. Chemistry of Materials , 28 (5) pp. 1369-1376. 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04419. Green open access

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Abstract

Monoclinic vanadium(IV) oxide (VO2) has received much attention for applications as intelligent solar control coatings, with the potential to reduce the need for both heating and air conditioning loads within building infrastructure. Chemical vapor deposition, a high-throughput industrially scalable method, is an ideal technology for the deposition of VO2 thin films on window panels. However, these films suffer from poor adhesion and are chemically susceptible to attack. In addition, the VO2 films with optimum solar modulation are unfortunately translucent, restraining their commercial use in energy-efficient fenestration. In this work, multifunctional, robust, layered VO2/SiO2/TiO2 films were quickly deposited on glass substrates using atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition and fully characterized using structural, vibrational spectroscopy, and electron microscopy techniques. The VO2/SiO2/TiO2 thin films were designed to exhibit excellent solar modulation properties as well as high transparency and resistance to abrasion, compared to single VO2 films of the same thickness. The films also showed self-cleaning properties comparable to those of commercial Pilkington Activ glass, as demonstrated here during the photodegradation of a model organic pollutant (stearic acid). The SiO2 acted as a barrier layer, preventing the diffusion of Ti4+ ions into the VO2 layer but it also promoted the optical properties and allowed for superior thermochromic behavior when compared to single VO2 films. The system was modeled to determine the effect of the individual components on the properties of the overall material. It was found that the deposition of the SiO2/TiO2 overlayer resulted in a dramatic improvement of visible-light transmission (∼30% increase when compared to single-layer analogues) while also doubling the solar modulation of the material.

Type: Article
Title: Intelligent Multifunctional VO2/SiO2/TiO2 Coatings for Self-Cleaning, Energy-Saving Window Panels
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04419
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04419
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1491248
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