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Attention problems in childhood and adult substance use

Galéra, C; Pingault, JB; Fombonne, E; Michel, G; Lagarde, E; Bouvard, MP; Melchior, M; (2013) Attention problems in childhood and adult substance use. Journal of Pediatrics , 163 (6) pp. 1677-1683. 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.008.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the link between childhood attention problems (AP) and substance use 18 years later. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study was conducted in a community sample of 1103 French youths followed from 1991 to 2009. Exposures and covariates were childhood behavioral problems (based on parental report at baseline), early substance use, school difficulties, and family adversity. Outcome measures were regular tobacco smoking, alcohol problems, problematic cannabis use, and lifetime cocaine use (based on youth reports at follow-up). RESULTS: Indi viduals with high levels of childhood AP had higher rates of substance use (regular tobacco smoking, alcohol problems, problematic cannabis use, and lifetime cocaine use). However, when taking into account other childhood behavioral problems, early substance use, school difficulties, and family adversity, childhood AP were related only to regular tobacco smoking and lifetime cocaine use. Early cannabis exposure was the strongest risk factor for all substance use problems. CONCLUSION: This longitudinal community-based study shows that, except for tobacco and cocaine, the association between childhood AP and substance use is confounded by a range of early risk factors. Early cannabis exposure plays a central role in later substance use.

Type: Article
Title: Attention problems in childhood and adult substance use
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.008
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.008
Language: English
Keywords: ADHD Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; AP Attention problems; CBCL Child Behavior Checklist; DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; GAZEL; Electricity of France -Gas of France; SUD Substance use disorder; TEMPO Trajectoires épidémiologiques en population (epidemiological population trajectories
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1491226
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