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The critical role of the industrial sector in reaching long-term emission reduction, energy efficiency and renewable targets

Fais, B; Sabio, N; Strachan, N; (2016) The critical role of the industrial sector in reaching long-term emission reduction, energy efficiency and renewable targets. Applied Energy , 162 pp. 699-712. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.112. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper evaluates the critical contribution of the industry sector to long-term decarbonisation, efficiency and renewable energy policy targets. Its methodological novelty is the incorporation of a process-oriented modelling approach based on a comprehensive technology database for the industry sector in a national energy system model for the UK (UKTM), allowing quantification of the role of both decarbonisation of upstream energy vectors and of mitigation options in the industrial sub-categories. This enhanced model is then applied in a comparative policy scenario analysis that explores various target dimensions on emission mitigation, renewable energy and energy efficiency at both a national and European level. The results show that ambitious emission cuts in the industry sector of up to 77% until 2050 compared to 2010 can be achieved. Moreover, with a reduction in industrial energy demand of up to 31% between 2010 and 2050, the sector is essential for achieving the overall efficiency commitments. The industry sector also makes a moderate contribution to the expansion of renewable energies mostly through the use of biomass for low-temperature heating services. However, additional sub-targets on renewable sources and energy efficiency need to be assessed critically, as they can significantly distort the cost-efficiency of the long-term mitigation pathway.

Type: Article
Title: The critical role of the industrial sector in reaching long-term emission reduction, energy efficiency and renewable targets
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.112
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.112
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Energy system analysis, Industry sector, Emission reduction, Renewable energies, Energy efficiency, Policy interaction
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1490701
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