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Weighted directional energy model of human stereo correspondence

Prince, SJD; Eagle, RA; (2000) Weighted directional energy model of human stereo correspondence. VISION RES , 40 (9) 1143 - 1155.

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Abstract

Previous work [Prince, S. J. D, & Eagle, R. A. (1999). Size-disparity correlation in human binocular depth perception. Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 266, 1361-1365] has demonstrated that disparity sign discrimination performance in isolated bandpass patterns is supported at disparities much larger than a phase disparity model might predict. One possibility is that this extended performance relies on a separate second-order system [Hess, R. F., & Wilcox, L. M. (1994). Linear and non-linear filtering in stereopsis. Vision Research, 34, 2431-2438]. Here, a 'weighted directional energy' model is developed which explains a large body of crossed versus uncrossed disparity discrimination data with a single mechanism. This model assumes a population of binocular complex cells at every image point with a range of position disparity shifts. These cells sample a local energy function which is weighted so that energy at large disparities is relatively attenuated. Disparity sign is determined by summing and comparing energy at crossed and uncrossed disparities in the presence of noise. The model qualitatively predicts matching data for one-dimensional Gabor stimuli. This scheme also predicts DMax in Gabor stimuli and filtered noise. Moreover, a range of 'non-linear' phenomena, in which disparity is perceived from contrast envelope information alone, can be explained. The weighted directional energy model presents a biologically plausible, parsimonious explanation of matching behaviour in bandpass stimuli for both 'first-order' and 'second-order' stimuli which obviates the need for multiple mechanisms in stereo correspondence. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Weighted directional energy model of human stereo correspondence
Keywords:human vision, stereopsis, depth, correspondence problem, CATS VISUAL-CORTEX, BINOCULAR DISPARITY, SPATIAL-FREQUENCY, DEPTH-PERCEPTION, CORTICAL-NEURONS, COMPLEX CELLS, CONTRAST, VISION, DISCRIMINATION, PHASE
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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