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Contextual risk, maternal parenting and adolescent externalizing behaviour problems: the role of emotion regulation.

Walton, A; Flouri, E; (2010) Contextual risk, maternal parenting and adolescent externalizing behaviour problems: the role of emotion regulation. Child Care Health Dev , 36 (2) pp. 275-284. 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.01065.x.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to test if emotion regulation mediates the association between mothers' parenting and adolescents' externalizing behaviour problems (conduct problems and hyperactivity). The parenting dimensions were warmth, psychological control and behavioural control (measured with knowledge, monitoring and discipline). Adjustment was made for contextual risk (measured with the number of proximal adverse life events experienced), gender, age and English as an additional language. METHOD: Data were from a UK community sample of adolescents aged 11-18 from a comprehensive school in a disadvantaged area. RESULTS: At the multivariate level, none of the parenting variables predicted hyperactivity, which was associated only with difficulties in emotion regulation, contextual risk and English as a first language. The parenting variables predicting conduct problems at the multivariate level were warmth and knowledge. Knowledge did not predict emotion regulation. However, warmth predicted emotion regulation, which was negatively associated with conduct problems. Contextual risk was a significant predictor of both difficulties in emotion regulation and externalizing behaviour problems. Its effect on conduct problems was independent of parenting and was not via its association with difficulties in emotion regulation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings add to the evidence for the importance of maternal warmth and contextual risk for both regulated emotion and regulated behaviour. The small maternal control effects on both emotion regulation and externalizing behaviour could suggest the importance of paternal control for adolescent outcomes.

Type: Article
Title: Contextual risk, maternal parenting and adolescent externalizing behaviour problems: the role of emotion regulation.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.01065.x
Keywords: Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Child, Child Behavior Disorders, Emotions, Female, Humans, Internal-External Control, Male, Mother-Child Relations, Mothers, Multivariate Analysis, Parenting, Psychomotor Agitation, Risk, United Kingdom
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1488022
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