A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography.
PHYS MED BIOL
6457 - 6476.
We present a combined classification and reconstruction algorithm for diffuse optical tomography (DOT). DOT is a nonlinear ill-posed inverse problem. Therefore, some regularization is needed. We present a mixture of Gaussians prior, which regularizes the DOT reconstruction step. During each iteration, the parameters of a mixture model are estimated. These associate each reconstructed pixel with one of several classes based on the current estimate of the optical parameters. This classification is exploited to form a new prior distribution to regularize the reconstruction step and update the optical parameters. The algorithm can be described as an iteration between an optimization scheme with zeroth-order variable mean and variance Tikhonov regularization and an expectation-maximization scheme for estimation of the model parameters. We describe the algorithm in a general Bayesian framework. Results from simulated test cases and phantom measurements show that the algorithm enhances the contrast of the reconstructed images with good spatial accuracy. The probabilistic classifications of each image contain only a few misclassified pixels.
|Title:||A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography|
|Keywords:||PIECEWISE-CONSTANT COEFFICIENTS, FINITE-ELEMENT-METHOD, IMAGE-RECONSTRUCTION, REGION BOUNDARIES, SCATTERING MEDIA, REGULARIZATION, MODELS, SHAPE, SEGMENTATION, INFORMATION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
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