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Stereo correspondence in one-dimensional Gabor stimuli

Prince, SJD; Eagle, RA; (2000) Stereo correspondence in one-dimensional Gabor stimuli. VISION RES , 40 (8) 913 - 924.

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Abstract

Previous data [Prince, S.J.D., & Eagle, R.A., (1999). Size-disparity correlation in human binocular depth perception. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 266, 1361-1365] have demonstrated that the upper disparity limit for stereopsis (DMax) is considerably smaller in filtered noise stereograms than in isolated Gabor patches of the same spatial frequency. This discrepancy is not currently understood. Here, the solution of the correspondence problem for bandpass stereograms was further examined. On each trial observers were presented with two one-dimensional Gabor stimuli containing disparities of equal magnitude but opposite sign. Subjects were required to indicate which interval contained the crossed disparity stimulus. It was found that matching behaviour changed as a function of Gabor envelope size. As a function of disparity magnitude, performance cycled between mostly correct and mostly incorrect at large envelope sizes but was always correct at small envelope sizes. At intermediate envelope sizes performance was cyclical at small disparities but always correct at large disparities. The critical envelope size at which performance changed from mostly comet to mostly incorrect at 270 degrees phase disparity was used as a measure of the matching performance as other parameters of the Gabor were varied. Both absolute and relative contrast were shown to influence the perceived sign of matches. Critical envelope size was also found to decrease as a function of spatial frequency, but mon slowly than a phase-based limit would predict. These data cannot be predicted by current models of stereopsis, and can be used to constrain future models. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Stereo correspondence in one-dimensional Gabor stimuli
Keywords:human vision, stereopsis, depth, correspondence problem, CATS VISUAL-CORTEX, SPATIAL-FREQUENCY, BINOCULAR DISPARITY, CORTICAL-NEURONS, CONTRAST, PERCEPTION, DEPTH, MOTION, SIZE, COMBINATION
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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