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The relative contributions of speechreading and vocabulary to deaf and hearing children's reading ability

Kyle, FE; Campbell, R; MacSweeney, M; (2016) The relative contributions of speechreading and vocabulary to deaf and hearing children's reading ability. Research in Developmental Disabilities , 48 pp. 13-24. 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.10.004. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vocabulary knowledge and speechreading are important for deaf children's reading development but it is unknown whether they are independent predictors of reading ability. AIMS: This study investigated the relationships between reading, speechreading and vocabulary in a large cohort of deaf and hearing children aged 5 to 14 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 86 severely and profoundly deaf children and 91 hearing children participated in this study. All children completed assessments of reading comprehension, word reading accuracy, speechreading and vocabulary. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Regression analyses showed that vocabulary and speechreading accounted for unique variance in both reading accuracy and comprehension for deaf children. For hearing children, vocabulary was an independent predictor of both reading accuracy and comprehension skills but speechreading only accounted for unique variance in reading accuracy. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Speechreading and vocabulary are important for reading development in deaf children. The results are interpreted within the Simple View of Reading framework and the theoretical implications for deaf children's reading are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: The relative contributions of speechreading and vocabulary to deaf and hearing children's reading ability
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.10.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.10.004
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Deaf, Reading, Speechreading, Vocabulary
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1483531
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