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Surface and phonological developmental dyslexia in Greek.

Douklias, SD; Masterson, J; Hanley, JR; (2009) Surface and phonological developmental dyslexia in Greek. Cogn Neuropsychol , 26 (8) pp. 705-723. 10.1080/02643291003691106.

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Abstract

The present study examined whether equivalents of surface and phonological subtypes of developmental dyslexia could be found among a sample of 84 poor readers aged 9-12 years in Greece. Word reading latency was used as a measure of lexical skill, and nonword reading accuracy was used as a measure of nonlexical skill. A simple regression of word reading latencies on nonword reading accuracy scores was performed for 42 developing readers. A total of 2 poor readers with accurate nonword reading plus slow word reading relative to controls (equivalents of surface dyslexia) and 2 poor readers with inaccurate nonword reading plus fast accurate word reading relative to controls (equivalents of phonological dyslexia) were identified from amongst the sample of poor readers. Further testing of these 4 cases on measures of irregular-word and nonword spelling revealed additional evidence of a dissociation between lexical and nonlexical impairments. These results support the notion that dual-route models can be used to explore individual differences among dyslexic readers in transparent orthographic systems such as Greek. An attempt is also made to interpret the results in terms of a double deficit theory of dyslexia.

Type: Article
Title: Surface and phonological developmental dyslexia in Greek.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1080/02643291003691106
Keywords: Child, Confidence Intervals, Dyslexia, Female, Greece, Humans, Language Tests, Male, Phonetics, Reaction Time, Reading, Vocabulary
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1482841
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