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Networks before Empires: cultural transfers in west and central Anatolia during the Early Bronze Age

Massa, M; (2016) Networks before Empires: cultural transfers in west and central Anatolia during the Early Bronze Age. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This dissertation offers an analysis of social interaction in west and central Anatolia during the Early Bronze Age (EBA, c.3200-1950 BC). It aims at identifying potential rationales for and mechanisms of exchange from the intra-settlement to the interregional scale, within the context of growing socio-economic and political complexity experienced by the local communities across the EBA. Through distributional and contextual analysis of a large range of case studies, this dissertation explores how different products, raw materials, technological knowledge and cultural behaviours circulated within Anatolia, and does so both by mapping likely flows of goods and ideas and by analysing the context of artefact use and deposition. It also investigates how increasing degrees of organization affected patterns of exchange, both at the production (specialisation, scale and intensity of production) and the circulation stages (presence of specialised exchange intermediaries, innovations in transport technology, investment in road infrastructure, control over routes). This research further attempts to reconstruct the structure of physical and social networks in EBA Anatolia, looking at how topographic and cultural constraints funnelled movement (and hence interaction) along specific landscape corridors. Lastly, it explores the role played by rising local elites and the importance of Anatolia’s vast metal resources in the process of expansion of long-distance exchange networks, which ultimately allowed the integration of Anatolia within the Near Eastern and Aegean worlds towards the end of the EBA.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Networks before Empires: cultural transfers in west and central Anatolia during the Early Bronze Age
Event: UCL Institute of Archaeology
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Anatolian archaeology, Anatolian Early Bronze Age, Aegean Early Bronze Age, Interregional exchange networks in the ancient Near East, Mesopotamian Early Bronze Age, Anatolian metallurgy, Technological transfers in archaeology, Anatolian burial customs, Adoption and adaptation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1478344
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