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Reporting and design elements of audit and feedback interventions: a secondary review

Colquhoun, H; Michie, S; Sales, A; Ivers, N; Grimshaw, JM; Carroll, K; Chalifoux, M; ... Brehaut, J; + view all (2017) Reporting and design elements of audit and feedback interventions: a secondary review. BMJ Quality & Safety , 26 (1) pp. 54-60. 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-005004. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback (A&F) is a frequently used intervention aiming to support implementation of research evidence into clinical practice with positive, yet variable, effects. Our understanding of effective A&F has been limited by poor reporting and intervention heterogeneity. Our objective was to describe the extent of these issues. METHODS: Using a secondary review of A&F interventions and a consensus-based process to identify modifiable A&F elements, we examined intervention descriptions in 140 trials of A&F to quantify reporting limitations and describe the interventions. RESULTS: We identified 17 modifiable A&F intervention elements; 14 were examined to quantify reporting limitations and all 17 were used to describe the interventions. Clear reporting of the elements ranged from 56% to 97% with a median of 89%. There was considerable variation in A&F interventions with 51% for individual providers only, 92% targeting behaviour change and 79% targeting processes of care, 64% performed by the provider group and 81% reporting aggregate patient data. CONCLUSIONS: Our process identified 17 A&F design elements, demonstrated gaps in reporting and helped understand the degree of variation in A&F interventions.

Type: Article
Title: Reporting and design elements of audit and feedback interventions: a secondary review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-005004
Publisher version: http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2016/01...
Language: English
Additional information: This article has been accepted for publication in BMJ Quality & Safety following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version Colquhoun, H; Michie, S; Sales, A; Ivers, N; Grimshaw, JM; Carroll, K; Chalifoux, M; (2016) Reporting and design elements of audit and feedback interventions: a secondary review. BMJ Quality & Safety is available online at: http://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/early/2016/01/25/bmjqs-2015-005004.abstract.
Keywords: Audit and feedback, Evidence-based medicine, Healthcare quality improvement, Implementation science
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477645
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