UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Leopard (Panthera pardus) status, distribution, and the research efforts across its range

Jacobson, AP; Gerngross, P; Lemeris Jr., JR; Schoonover, R; Anco, C; Breitenmoser-Würsten, C; Durant, SM; ... Dollar, L; + view all (2016) Leopard (Panthera pardus) status, distribution, and the research efforts across its range. PeerJ , 4 , Article e1974. 10.7717/peerj.1974. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Jacobson_EtAl_peerj-1974.pdf

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

The leopard’s (Panthera pardus) broad geographic range, remarkable adaptability, and secretive nature have contributed to a misconception that this species might not be severely threatened across its range. We find that not only are several subspecies and regional populations critically endangered but also the overall range loss is greater than the average for terrestrial large carnivores. To assess the leopard’s status, we compile 6,000 records at 2,500 locations from over 1,300 sources on its historic (post 1750) and current distribution. We map the species across Africa and Asia, delineating areas where the species is confirmed present, is possibly present, is possibly extinct or is almost certainly extinct. The leopard now occupies 25-37% of its historic range, but this obscures important differences between subspecies. Of the nine recognized subspecies, three (P. p. pardus, fusca, and saxicolor) account for 97% of the leopard’s extant range while another three (P. p. orientalis, nimr, and japonensis) have each lost as much as 98% of their historic range. Isolation, small patch sizes, and few remaining patches further threaten the six subspecies that each have less than 100,000 km2 of extant range. Approximately 17% of extant leopard range is protected, although some endangered subspecies have far less. We found that while leopard research was increasing, research effort was primarily on the subspecies with the most remaining range whereas subspecies that are most in need of urgent attention were neglected.

Type: Article
Title: Leopard (Panthera pardus) status, distribution, and the research efforts across its range
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.1974
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1974
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Jacobson et al. This is an Open Access article published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: leopard, Panthera pardus, range loss, carnivore conservation, distribution
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477530
Downloads since deposit
93Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item