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Photosensitisation studies of silicone polymer doped with methylene blue and nanogold for antimicrobial applications

Bovis, MJ; Noimark, S; Woodhams, JH; Kay, CWM; Weiner, J; Peveler, WJ; Correia, A; ... MacRobert, AJ; + view all (2015) Photosensitisation studies of silicone polymer doped with methylene blue and nanogold for antimicrobial applications. RSC Advances , 5 (68) pp. 54830-54842. 10.1039/c5ra09045h.

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Abstract

Photosensitisation of polymers has important potential clinical applications such as the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). Polymers incorporated with methylene blue (MB) and 2 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are effective in killing bacteria at the surface following low power visible illumination. Studies of medical-grade silicone polymer samples including segments from urinary catheters were carried out to investigate the generation of reactive oxygen species and the involvement of Type 1 and 2 mechanisms. Singlet oxygen was observed using direct phosphorescence detection and hydroxyl radical generation using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy; we conclude that both Type 1 and 2 mechanisms can operate with polymeric photosensitisation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) directly demonstrated the incorporation of AuNPs at the surface of the silicone. Using silicone doped with MB AuNPs, a ≥3 log10 reduction in the number of viable Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria was achieved when exposed to low power laser light; prior sterilisation with ethylene oxide (EO) had no influence on efficacy.

Type: Article
Title: Photosensitisation studies of silicone polymer doped with methylene blue and nanogold for antimicrobial applications
DOI: 10.1039/c5ra09045h
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ra09045h
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Microbial Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477209
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