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Evidence-based measurement in multiple sclerosis: the psychometric properties of the physical and psychological dimensions of three quality of life rating scales

Riazi, A; Hobart, JC; Lamping, DL; Fitzpatrick, R; Thompson, AJ; (2003) Evidence-based measurement in multiple sclerosis: the psychometric properties of the physical and psychological dimensions of three quality of life rating scales. MULT SCLER J , 9 (4) 411 - 419. 10.1191/1352458503ms929oa.

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Abstract

The selection of measures of quality of life used in clinical trials of multiple sclerosis (MS) should be evidence-based. Head-to-head comparison of measures facilitates the selection of measures. The aim of the study was to compare the psychometric pro per ties of the physical and psychological dimensions in three measures of quality of life to aid choice of the most appropriate scale for use in clinical trials of MS. One hundred and twenty-one people with MS (rehabilitation = 57; steroids = 64) completed a selection of health measures before and after treatment. The psychometric proper ties of three measures of physical function (MSIS- 29 physical, SF-36 physical functioning, FAMS mobility) and three measures of psycho logical function (MSIS- 29 psychological, SF-36 mental health, FAMS emotional well-being) were compared by examining data quality, scaling assumptions, acceptability, reliability, validity and responsiveness. Physical (0.63 - 0.71) and psycho logical (0.70 - 0.75) scales were substantially correlated indicating they measure related constructs. The MSIS- 29 physical and psychological scales satisfied all criteria for internal consistency reliability (physical = 0.91; psychological = 0.89) and validity. The SF-36 physical scale had a notable floor effect (20%). The FAMS mobility scale had lower reliability (alpha = 0.78) compared to other measures. The MSIS- 29 physical (effect size = 0.91) and psychological (effect size = 0.62) scales were the most responsive. In these three samples, the MSIS- 29 had better measurement proper ties for combined physical and psycho logical health than the SF-36 and the FAMS.

Type:Article
Title:Evidence-based measurement in multiple sclerosis: the psychometric properties of the physical and psychological dimensions of three quality of life rating scales
DOI:10.1191/1352458503ms929oa
Keywords:health outcomes measurement, multiple sclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29), psychometric methods, HEALTH-STATUS, FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT, SF-36, TESTS, ASSUMPTIONS, VALIDATION, IMPACT, MS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences

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