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Behaviour and process in the formation of the North European Acheulean record: Towards a Unified Palaeolithic Landscape Approach

Pope, M; Scott, B; Cutler, H; Blundell, L; (2016) Behaviour and process in the formation of the North European Acheulean record: Towards a Unified Palaeolithic Landscape Approach. Quaternary International , 411 (Part B) pp. 85-94. 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.070. Green open access

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Abstract

The Acheulean record of northern France and southern Britain has long been acknowledged as internationally important, having played an important historical role in the development of the discipline. Abundant artefacts have been recovered, primarily from fluvial gravel archives, allowing the responses of Middle Pleistocene human populations on the edge of their geographical distribution to be interrogated. The richness of the record from such deposits can most simply be read as reflecting absolute population numbers – and changes in this over time. However, factors such as regional super-abundance of high quality flint (related to solid geology) and intensity of aggregate exploitation also played their part in generating the apparently regionally dense record of finds. This paper investigates the inter-related patterns of human behaviour, preservation, artefact release and research tradition which underpin these basic distribution maps. We here present a framework for understanding the processes which have created the current distribution map – in terms of where we find material, and which periods are best represented within it. We term this the Unified Palaeolithic Landscape Approach and outline ways in which the spatial and temporal range of the Acheulean record can be addressed through the archaeological record of its heartland.

Type: Article
Title: Behaviour and process in the formation of the North European Acheulean record: Towards a Unified Palaeolithic Landscape Approach
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.070
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.070
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Acheulean, Geomorphology, Prehistory, Handaxes
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology ASE
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476142
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