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Neural correlates of motor recovery after stroke: a longitudinal fMRI study

Ward, NS; Brown, MM; Thompson, AJ; Frackowiak, RSJ; (2003) Neural correlates of motor recovery after stroke: a longitudinal fMRI study. BRAIN , 126 2476 - 2496. 10.1093/brain/awg245.

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Abstract

Recovery of motor function after stroke may occur over weeks or months and is often attributed to cerebral reorganization. We have investigated the longitudinal relationship between recovery after stroke and task-related brain activation during a motor task as measured using functional MRI (fMRI). Eight first-ever stroke patients presenting with hemiparesis resulting from cerebral infarction sparing the primary motor cortex, and four control subjects were recruited. Subjects were scanned on a number of occasions whilst performing an isometric dynamic visually paced hand grip task. Recovery in the patient group was assessed using a battery of outcome measures at each time point. Task-related brain activations decreased over sessions as a function of recovery in a number of primary and non-primary motor regions in all patients, but no session effects were seen in the controls. Furthermore, consistent decreases across sessions correlating with recovery were seen across the whole patient group independent of rate of recovery or initial severity, in primary motor cortex, premotor and prefrontal cortex, supplementary motor areas, cingulate sulcus, temporal lobe, striate cortex, cerebellum, thalamus and basal ganglia. Although recovery-related increases were seen in different brain regions in four patients, there were no consistent effects across the group. These results further our understanding of the recovery process by demonstrating for the first time a clear temporal relationship between recovery and task-related activation of the motor system after stroke.

Type: Article
Title: Neural correlates of motor recovery after stroke: a longitudinal fMRI study
DOI: 10.1093/brain/awg245
Keywords: stroke recovery, longitudinal functional MRI, motor system, neuronal plasticity, TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION, POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY, FUNCTIONAL MRI, SEQUENTIAL-PROCEDURES, ARM FUNCTION, TIME-SERIES, ADULT-RATS, CORTEX, BRAIN, INFARCTION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/147557
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