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Modelling and Optimisation of Dynamic Motorway Traffic

Li, Y; (2016) Modelling and Optimisation of Dynamic Motorway Traffic. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Ramp metering, variable speed limits, and hard shoulder running control strategies have been used for managing motorway traffic congestion. This thesis presents a modelling and optimisation framework for all these control strategies. The optimal control problems that aim to minimise the travel delay on motorways are formulated based upon a macroscopic cell transmission model with piecewise linear fundamental diagram. With the piecewise linear nature of the traffic model, the optimal control problems are formulated as linear programming (LP) and are solved by the IBM CPLEX solver. The performance of different control strategies are tested on real scenarios on the M25 Motorway in England, where improvements were observed with proper implementation. With considering of the uncertainties in traffic demand and characteristics, this thesis also presents a robust modelling and optimisation framework for dynamic motorway traffic. The proposed robust optimisation aims to minimise both mean and variance of travel delays under a range of uncertain scenarios. The robust optimisation is formulated as a minimax problem and solved by a two stage solution procedure. The performances of the robust ramp metering are illustrated through working examples with traffic data collected from the M25 Motorway. Experiments reveal that the deterministic optimal control would outperform slightly the robust control in terms of minimising average delays, while the robust controller gives a more reliable performance when uncertainty is taken into account. This thesis contributes to the development and validation of dynamic simulation, and deterministic and robust optimisation.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Modelling and Optimisation of Dynamic Motorway Traffic
Event: University College London
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Ramp metering, Variable speed limits, Hard shoulder running
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1474219
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