UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A comparative study of the role of PI 3-Kinase in adipose tissue metabolism and ageing

Bettedi, L; (2015) A comparative study of the role of PI 3-Kinase in adipose tissue metabolism and ageing. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London).

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The adipose tissue has emerged as a key organ in the regulation of the rate of ageing. Moreover, excessive or dysfunctional adipose tissue appears to accelerate the onset of multiple age-related metabolic diseases. Interventions such as loss-of-function mutations in the Insulin/IGF-1 Signalling (IIS) pathway in the adipose tissue equivalent organs of experimental models enhance health span and maximum lifespan in these organisms. In this context, attenuation of the Insulin/IGF-1 Signalling (IIS) pathway through global inactivation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) p110α, a key downstream effector of the cascade, has been shown to protect from age-dependent fat accumulation, improve glucose homeostasis and extend the median lifespan in mice. At the signalling level, p110α inhibition protects adipocytes from nutrient overload-induced insulin resistance by disrupting an mTOR/S6K-dependent negative feedback loop of insulin signalling down-regulation. Furthermore, inhibition of p110α increases autophagy in adipocytes and this could prevent excessive fat accumulation in these cells. Also p110α inactivation reduces the fatty acid induced production of proinflammatory cytokines (such as IL-6) and increases βAR-induced lipolysis and mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. Similar, though not identical, effects of PI3K pathway down-regulation have been documented in fruit flies. In Drosophila, fat bodyspecific PI3K inactivation increases the lipid content of this tissue and enhances the starvation resistance and the longevity of the mutant flies. These findings suggest that PI3K signalling in the adipose tissue can potentially be targeted to retard age-related adipocyte hypertrophy and improve health span and lifespan.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: A comparative study of the role of PI 3-Kinase in adipose tissue metabolism and ageing
Event: UCL (University College London)
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1473449
Downloads since deposit
5Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item