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Design of transonic fan rotors by 3D inverse design method

Hu, PX; Zangeneh, M; Choo, B; Rahmati, M; (2006) Design of transonic fan rotors by 3D inverse design method. In: Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006, Vol 6, Pts A and B. (pp. 447 - 458). AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS

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Abstract

The application of 3D inverse design to transonic fans can offer designers many advantages in terms of reduction in design time and providing a more direct means of using the insight obtained into flow physics from CFD computations directly in the design process. A number of papers on application of inverse design method to transonic fans have already been reported. However, in order to apply this approach in product design a number of issues need to be addressed. For example, how can the method be used to affect and control the fan rotor characteristics? The robustness of the method and its ability to deal with accurate representation of leading and trailing edges, as well as tip clearance flow.In this paper the further enhancement of the 3D viscous transonic inverse design code TURBOdesign-2 and its application to the re-design of NASA37 and NASA67 rotors will be described. In this inverse design method the blade geometry can be computed by the specification of the blade loading (meridional derivative of rV(theta)) or the pressure loading. In both cases the blade normal thickness is specified to ensure structural integrity of the design.Improvements to the code include implementation of full approximation storage (FAS) multigrid technique in the solver, which increases the speed of the computation. This method allows the modification of blade thickness and pressure loading by B-splines. In addition improvements have been made in the treatment of proper leading edge geometry.Two well known examples of NASA 67 and NASA 37 rotors are used to provide a step-by-step guide to the application of the method to the design of transonic fan rotors. Improved designs are validated by commercial CFD code CFX.

Type:Proceedings paper
Title:Design of transonic fan rotors by 3D inverse design method
Event:51st ASME Turbo Expo
Location:Barcelona, SPAIN
Dates:2006-05-06 - 2006-05-11
ISBN:0-7918-4241-X
Keywords:BLADE DESIGN, CELL-VERTEX, CASCADES, SCHEME, SOLVER
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Mechanical Engineering

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