Up-regulation and differential expression of the hyaluronan-binding protein TSG-6 in cartilage and synovium in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
OBJECTIVE: TSG-6 [the product of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated gene-6] is a hyaluronan-binding protein that is present in the synovial fluids of arthritis patients and is secreted by cells of articular joints (e.g. chondrocytes and synoviocytes). This study examines the pattern of TSG-6 expression in normal and diseased cartilage and synovium using immunohistochemical techniques. DESIGN: A polyclonal antibody was raised against recombinant Link module from human TSG-6 and used to detect the protein in tissue sections taken from osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and controls. RESULTS: There was no TSG-6 detected in normal tissues. In all OA synovium there was intense TSG-6 expression throughout the intimal layer, whereas in RA staining in this region was generally less pronounced and was absent at the synovial surface in tissues exhibiting significant inflammation. In RA TSG-6 was also expressed by infiltrating leukocytes and by cells at the cartilage-synovium pannus junction. TSG-6 immunoreactivity was present in the tunica intima of blood vessels in OA subintima, being particularly noticeable in the thickened smooth muscle of inflamed vessel walls, but was mostly confined to the lumen of the vessel in RA. In cartilage the majority of chondrocytes expressed TSG-6 in both OA and RA, usually with extensive staining in the surrounding matrix. CONCLUSION: TSG-6 is present within synovium and cartilage of arthritic joints, but not normal controls, and is synthesized by the resident cells. The pattern of TSG-6 expression is consistent with its proposed roles in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and cellular proliferation.
|Title:||Up-regulation and differential expression of the hyaluronan-binding protein TSG-6 in cartilage and synovium in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.|
|Keywords:||Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Cartilage, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Humans, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Synovial Membrane|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)
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