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Computational analysis of the LRRK2 interactome.

Manzoni, C; Denny, P; Lovering, RC; Lewis, PA; (2015) Computational analysis of the LRRK2 interactome. PeerJ , 3 , Article e778. 10.7717/peerj.778. Green open access

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LRRK2 was identified in 2004 as the causative protein product of the Parkinson's disease locus designated PARK8. In the decade since then, genetic studies have revealed at least 6 dominant mutations in LRRK2 linked to Parkinson's disease, alongside one associated with cancer. It is now well established that coding changes in LRRK2 are one of the most common causes of Parkinson's. Genome-wide association studies (GWAs) have, more recently, reported single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) around the LRRK2 locus to be associated with risk of developing sporadic Parkinson's disease and inflammatory bowel disorder. The functional research that has followed these genetic breakthroughs has generated an extensive literature regarding LRRK2 pathophysiology; however, there is still no consensus as to the biological function of LRRK2. To provide insight into the aspects of cell biology that are consistently related to LRRK2 activity, we analysed the plethora of candidate LRRK2 interactors available through the BioGRID and IntAct data repositories. We then performed GO terms enrichment for the LRRK2 interactome. We found that, in two different enrichment portals, the LRRK2 interactome was associated with terms referring to transport, cellular organization, vesicles and the cytoskeleton. We also verified that 21 of the LRRK2 interactors are genetically linked to risk for Parkinson's disease or inflammatory bowel disorder. The implications of these findings are discussed, with particular regard to potential novel areas of investigation.

Type: Article
Title: Computational analysis of the LRRK2 interactome.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.778
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.778
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright 2015 Manzoni et al.Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0
Keywords: GO terms enrichment, Interactome, LRRK2, Parkinson’s disease, Protein–protein interactions
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1463868
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