UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The relationship between ADAMTS13 genotype and phenotype in congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and characterisation of ADAMTS13 mutants

Underwood, MI; (2015) The relationship between ADAMTS13 genotype and phenotype in congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and characterisation of ADAMTS13 mutants. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
Mary Underwood PhD thesis 27.2.15 final.pdf
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (8MB)

Abstract

Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy, usually involving ADAMTS13 gene defects. ADAMTS13 processes the multimeric plasma glycoprotein Von Willebrand factor making it less reactive to platelets. Patients differ in terms of disease severity and evidence suggests a relationship between ADAMTS13 genotype and disease phenotype. Over 140 mutations have been identified in patients but only ~30% of these has been expressed in vitro. The aim of this thesis was to study certain ADAMTS13 mutations identified in a homozygous form in congenital TTP patients to assess in vitro their effect on the secretion and activity of ADAMTS13 and to assess their contribution to disease phenotype. ADAMTS13 mutants (p.R102H, p.I143T and p.Y570C) and wild type (WT) were expressed in HEK293T cells. The p.R102H mutation partially affected the secretion of ADAMTS13 and reduced the catalytic efficiency of the mutant but not to the extent predicted based upon levels measured in patient plasma. Expressing this mutant with three ADAMTS13 polymorphisms (p.Q448E, p.P618A and p.A900V) which were also identified in the patient with this mutation further reduced the secretion and activity of ADAMTS13. When these three polymorphisms were expressed separately in WT ADAMTS13, the p.P618A polymorphism reduced the secretion and subsequently the activity of ADAMTS13 suggesting that this polymorphism in particular was responsible for the reduction observed. These results highlight the importance of ADAMTS13 polymorphisms. The p.I143T and p.Y570C mutations severely affected ADAMTS13 secretion. Immunofluorescence studies showed localisation of these mutants within the ER but less extensive localisation within the cis Golgi compared to WT ADAMTS13. The p.I143T mutant was characterised further and was shown to be degraded by the cell proteasome. Addition of a chemical chaperone (betaine) appeared to rescue the secretion defect caused by the p.I143T mutation. This may have future therapeutic implications for the treatment of some congenital TTP patients.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: The relationship between ADAMTS13 genotype and phenotype in congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and characterisation of ADAMTS13 mutants
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1462706
Downloads since deposit
796Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item