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Equilibrium Contrast-enhanced CT Imaging to Evaluate Hepatic Fibrosis: Initial Validation by Comparison with Histopathologic Sampling

Bandula, S; Punwani, S; Rosenberg, WM; Jalan, R; Hall, AR; Dhillon, A; Moon, JC; (2015) Equilibrium Contrast-enhanced CT Imaging to Evaluate Hepatic Fibrosis: Initial Validation by Comparison with Histopathologic Sampling. Radiology , 275 (1) 136 - 143. 10.1148/radiol.14141435. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose To prospectively evaluate hepatic extracellular volume (ECV) fraction measurement at equilibrium computed tomographic (CT) imaging compared with both fibrosis quantified with histologic analysis and the enhanced liver fibrosis panel (ELF) in a cohort of patients with chronic hepatitis. Materials and Methods This prospective study was approved by the regional ethics committee. All patients gave fully informed written consent. Forty patients with a clinical indication for liver biopsy were prospectively recruited for liver ECV quantitation at equilibrium CT imaging. Biopsy samples underwent digital image analysis and assessment of collagen content expressed as the collagen-proportionate area (CPA). Spearman correlation was used to evaluate association between ECV, ELF, and CPA. Multiple regression analysis was used to test prediction of CPA by a model that combined ECV and ELF. ECV, ELF score, and CPA were compared with Ishak stage by using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results Complete ECV, ELF, and CPA were available in 33 patients. Liver ECV, CPA, and ELF had a median of 0.26 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.24-0.29), 5.0 (IQR, 3.0-15.0), and 9.71 (IQR, 8.14-10.92), respectively. Hepatic ECV demonstrated good association with CPA (r = 0.64; P < .001) and ELF score (r = 0.38; P < .027), with no significant difference in strength of correlation (P = .177). The regression model that combined ELF and ECV achieved good prediction of CPA (R(2) = 0.67; P < .001). Significant variation in ECV and ELF was seen between fibrosis stage groups. Conclusion Hepatic ECV measured with equilibrium CT imaging is associated with biopsy-derived CPA and serum ELF-validated markers of liver fibrosis. This suggests that equilibrium CT imaging can quantify diffuse fibrosis in chronic liver disease. (©) RSNA, 2014.

Type: Article
Title: Equilibrium Contrast-enhanced CT Imaging to Evaluate Hepatic Fibrosis: Initial Validation by Comparison with Histopathologic Sampling
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1148/radiol.14141435
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.14141435
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Metabolism and Experi Therapeutics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1458247
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