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Devising a female sex work typology using data from Karnataka, India

Buzdugan, R; Copas, A; Moses, S; Blanchard, J; Isac, S; Ramesh, BM; Washington, R; ... Cowan, FM; + view all (2010) Devising a female sex work typology using data from Karnataka, India. INT J EPIDEMIOL , 39 (2) 439 - 448. 10.1093/ije/dyp351.

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Abstract

Background We examine the extent to which an existing sex work typology captures human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk in Karnataka and propose a systematic approach for devising evidence-based typologies.Methods The proposed approach has four stages: (i) identifying main places of solicitation and places of sex; (ii) constructing possible typologies based on either or both of these criteria; (iii) analysing variations in indicators of risk, such as HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and client volume, across the categories of the typologies; and (iv) identifying the simplest typology that captures the risk variation experienced by female sex workers (FSWs) across different settings. Analysis is based on data from 2312 participants in integrated biological and behavioural assessments of FSWs conducted in Karnataka, India. Logistic regression was used to predict HIV/STI status (high-titre syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia) and linear regression to predict client volume.Results Our analysis suggests that the most appropriate typology in Karnataka consists of the following categories: brothel to brothel (i.e. solicit and have sex in brothels) (11% of sampled FSWs); home to home (32%), street to home (11%), street to rented room (9%), street to lodge (22%), street to street (9%) and other FSWs (8%). Street to lodge FSWs had high HIV (30%) and STI prevalence (27%), followed by brothel to brothel FSWs (34 and 13%, respectively).Conclusions The proposed typology identifies street to lodge FSWs as being at particularly high risk, which was obscured by the existing typology that distinguishes between FSWs based on place of solicitation alone.

Type: Article
Title: Devising a female sex work typology using data from Karnataka, India
DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyp351
Keywords: Typology, type of sex work, sex work, HIV, India, HIV/AIDS PREVENTION, CONDOM USE, CONTEXTS, RISK
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/145689
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