Second window of protection following myocardial preconditioning: an essential role for PI3 kinase and p70S6 kinase.
J MOL CELL CARDIOL
1063 - 1071.
Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart against myocardial infarction acutely as well as several hours later (e.g. 24-48 h). The mechanism of the profound cardioprotection is not completely explored. We hypothesized that PI3K/PDK1/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K-mediated pro-survival pathway is involved in delayed cardioprotection induced by IPC. Under Hypnorm-Diazepam anaesthesia, mate New Zealand White rabbits were either sham-operated (SC) or preconditioned by four cycles of 5-min ischaemia and 10-min reperfusion on day 1. Twenty-four hours after recovery, the animals were anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone and subjected to 30-min ischaemia followed by 180-min reperfusion. Wortmannin (0.6 mg/kg, i.v.), an irreversible PI3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, rapamycin (0.25 mg/kg, i.v.), which prevents the phosphorylation of p70S6 kinase (p70S6K), or DMSO (control vehicle) was given 15 min prior to IPC. IPC significantly reduced infarct size compared to the control group (SC) (31.9 +/- 5.8% (n = 7) vs. 54.9 +/- 2.9% (n = 6), P < 0.05). Wortmannin and rapamycin alone had no effect on infarct size (56.3 +/- 1.6% (n = 6) and 54.7 +/- 3.8% (n = 6), respectively). However, when wortmannin or rapamycin were given prior to IPC the protection was completely abolished (49.9 +/- 2.8% (n = 6), 45.1 +/- 4.6% (n = 7), P < 0.05 vs. IPC). Western blot analysis showed that wortmannin, at a dose of 0.6 mg/kg, and rapamycin, at a dose of 0.25 mg/kg, were sufficient to prevent phosphorylation of Akt and p70S6K, respectively, when the inhibitors were given prior to IPC. We conclude that P13K/PDK1/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K-signalling pathway plays an essential role in the development of the cardioprotection against infarction in rabbits. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Second window of protection following myocardial preconditioning: an essential role for PI3 kinase and p70S6 kinase|
|Keywords:||ischaemic preconditioning, second window of protection, delayed cardioprotection, PI3K, p70S6K, Wortmannin, rapamycin, pro-survival signalling pathway, RABBIT MYOCARDIUM, CONSCIOUS RABBITS, PROTEIN-KINASE, LATE-PHASE, SUBLETHAL ISCHEMIA, CELL-SURVIVAL, NITRIC-OXIDE, REPERFUSION, ACTIVATION, MECHANISM|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science|
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