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The spectroscopy of H3+3: low energy to dissociation

Ramanlal, J; (2005) The spectroscopy of H3+3: low energy to dissociation. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The H3" ion is the simplest and most fundamental of polyatomic molecules consisting of three protons and two electrons. H3 is an important molecule playing a key role in many areas of Physics, Chemistry and Astronomy. The astrophysical importance of H3" lies in the fact that most of the universe is made up of hydrogen, and molecular hydrogen in the cool regions. H3" is rapidly formed by the reaction H2 + H+-*H++H (1) Thus H3 is usually the dominant ion in environments containing molecular hydrogen. Further more, multiply deuterated species have been observed in the interstellar medium recently. These species are thought to have been formed via deuterium fractionation effects, in which the isotopomers H2D+ and D2H+ play a significant role. More than two decades have passed since Carrington and co-workers produced a remarkably rich spectrum of the H3". Over 27,000 absorption lines in a region between 872cm-1 to 1094cm""1. This experiment still remains largely unexplained. This work calculates intensities of transitions of states near dissociation. Thus will help illuminate the Carrington spectrum. Within this work I present a method of calculating line strengths for the H3" system. Several improvements on previous methods are presented, including the use discrete variable representation, symmetry and a parallel algorithm. The implementation of this method on massively parallel computers is also discussed. Several applications of the synthetic spectra of and isotopomers are presented. This will include where possible how they have aided other work and the results of this other work.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: The spectroscopy of H3+3: low energy to dissociation
Identifier: PQ ETD:593597
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1446259
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