UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Posterior capsular opacification: Incidence and factors influencing and rate of Nd:YAG capsulotomy in diabetic and uveitic patients and after multifocal intraocular lens implantation.

Elgohary, M.A.; (2005) Posterior capsular opacification: Incidence and factors influencing and rate of Nd:YAG capsulotomy in diabetic and uveitic patients and after multifocal intraocular lens implantation. Doctoral thesis , University of London. Green open access

[img] PDF
U592026.pdf

Download (22MB)

Abstract

This thesis examined the incidence and factors affecting the rate of posterior capsular opacification (PCX)), the most common complication of cataract surgery, in diabetic and uvcitic patients and in patients with multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). These patients arc particularly sensitive to PCO development because of the risks associated with Nd:YAG capsulotomy in the former two groups and the potential effect on visual function in the latter group. PCO rate was estimated both retrospectively, using Nd:YAG capsulotomy as a surrogate measure of clinically significant PCO, as well as prospectively using clinical and imaging methods. Diabetic patients were found to have a lower incidence and risk of Nd:YAG capsulotomy than non-diabetic patients within 4 years after surgery. Young age, postoperative inflammation, pars plana vitrectomy and, in comparison to 3-piece silicone lOL, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and plate-haptie silicone IOLs were associated with increased risk of Nd:YAG capsulotomy. In subgroup analysis, male gender was found to be a risk factor in the non-diabetic group and the duration and type of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy grade were not risk factors. In a prospective randomised trial, hydrophobic acrylic IOLs, while associated with a higher flare value within the early postoperative period, had a significantly lower rate of PCX) development than plate-haptic silicone IOLs after 6 months and 1 year in diabetic patients. Optical coherence tomography revealed the development of a characteristic mid-peripheral apposition between the optic and the posterior capsule with hydrophobic acrylic IOLs both early and late after surgery, and the lack thereof with plate-haptic silicone IOLs, which is consistent with and explains the difference in PCO rate between the two IOLs. In uveitic patients, the incidence of Nd:YAG capsulotomy was higher within the first two years after surgery than in non-uveitic patients, although the presence of uveitis was not an independent risk factor for an increased rate of NdrYAG capsulotomy. The use of preoperative systemic steroids reduced the risk of Nd.YAG capsulotomy and, in comparison to PMMA IOLs, silicone IOLs reduced the risk of Nd.YACi capsulotomy while hydrophilic acrylic IOLs and young age increased it. In patients with multifocal IOLs, within 4 years of follow-up the incidence of PCX) and Nd:YAG capsulotomy were similar to those reported with monofocal implants and young age was a risk factor for the development of PCO. Patients with multifocal IOLs present for Nd:YAG capsulotomy with earlier loss of high and low- contrast acuity, which could increase the rate of Nd:YAG capsulotomy in these patients.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Posterior capsular opacification: Incidence and factors influencing and rate of Nd:YAG capsulotomy in diabetic and uveitic patients and after multifocal intraocular lens implantation.
Identifier: PQ ETD:592026
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest. Third party copyright material has been removed from the ethesis
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1444717
Downloads since deposit
153Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item