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A high power CMOS class-D amplifier for inductive-link medical transmitters

Valente, V; Eder, C; Donaldson, N; Demosthenous, A; (2014) A high power CMOS class-D amplifier for inductive-link medical transmitters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics , 30 (8) 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2353214. Green open access

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Abstract

Powering of medical implants by inductive coupling is an effective technique, which avoids the use of bulky implanted batteries or transcutaneous wires. On the external unit side, class-D and class-E power amplifiers (PAs) are conventionally used thanks to their high efficiency at high frequencies. The initial specifications driving this work require the use of multiple independent stimulators, which imposes serious constraints on the area and functionality of the external unit. An integrated circuit class-D PA has been designed to provide both small area and enhanced functionality, the latter achieved by the addition of an on-chip phased-locked loop (PLL), a dead-time generator and a phase detector. The PA has been designed in a 0.18μm CMOS high-voltage process technology and occupies an area of 9.86 mm2. It works at frequencies up to 14 MHz and 30 V supply and efficiencies higher than 80% are obtained at 14 MHz. The PA is intended for a closed-loop transmitter system that optimises power delivery to medical implants.

Type: Article
Title: A high power CMOS class-D amplifier for inductive-link medical transmitters
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2353214
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2353214
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. For more information, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1443489
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