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High porosity (> 90%) cementitious foams

Akthar, FK; Evans, JRG; (2010) High porosity (> 90%) cementitious foams. CEMENT CONCRETE RES , 40 (2) 352 - 358. 10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.012.

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Abstract

High porosity foams based on Portland limestone cement or gypsum plaster were prepared by a simple method of stirring and drying using low levels of the food additives: methyl cellulose and iota carageenan gum. Thermal conductivity of 0.11 Wm(-1) K-1 at 92% porosity was achieved but compressive strength was also very low. Foams were almost closed cell. Attempts to improve strength by incorporation of short staple glass fibre were only partially successful because of a change in the failure mode from progressive collapse to uniform fibre-cement debonding facilitated by the ability of the fibre network to transmit stress throughout the assembly. This approach to fire resistant insulation materials does not yet match the high strength/conductivity ratios of calcium silicate products but deserves exploring because of the simplicity of preparation and the compositional freedom for using mixtures of hydraulic cement and other powders. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:High porosity (> 90%) cementitious foams
DOI:10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.012
Keywords:Microstructure, Compressive strength, Transport properties, fibre reinforcement, Foams, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, CALCIUM SILICATE, CERAMIC FOAMS, COMPOSITE CEMENTS, BOARD MATERIAL, MICROSTRUCTURE, REPLACEMENT, MORPHOLOGY, HYDRATION, CONCRETE
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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