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Beta oscillations reflect changes in motor cortex inhibition in healthy ageing.

Rossiter, HE; Davis, EM; Clark, EV; Boudrias, MH; Ward, NS; (2014) Beta oscillations reflect changes in motor cortex inhibition in healthy ageing. Neuroimage , 91 pp. 360-365. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.01.012. Green open access

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Abstract

Beta oscillations are involved in movement and have previously been linked to levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. We examined changes in beta oscillations during rest and movement in primary motor cortex (M1). Amplitude and frequency of beta power at rest and movement-related beta desynchronization (MRBD) were measured during a simple unimanual grip task and their relationship with age was explored in a group of healthy participants. We were able to show that at rest, increasing age was associated with greater baseline beta power in M1 contralateral to the active hand, with a similar (non-significant) trend in ipsilateral M1. During movement, increasing age was associated with increased MRBD amplitude in ipsilateral M1 and reduced frequency (in contralateral and ipsilateral M1). These findings would be consistent with greater GABAergic inhibitory activity within motor cortices of older subjects. These oscillatory parameters have the potential to reveal changes in the excitatory-inhibitory balance in M1 which in turn may be a useful marker of plasticity in the brain, both in healthy ageing and disease.

Type: Article
Title: Beta oscillations reflect changes in motor cortex inhibition in healthy ageing.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.01.012
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.01.012
Additional information: © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
Keywords: MEG, ageing, beta, motor, oscillations, plasticity
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1434906
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