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The vision heuristic: Judging music ensembles by sight alone

Tsay, C-J; (2014) The vision heuristic: Judging music ensembles by sight alone. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 124 (1) 24 - 33. 10.1016/j.obhdp.2013.10.003. Green open access

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Abstract

Team effectiveness and group performance are often defined by standards set by domain experts. Professional musicians consistently report that sound output is the most important standard for evaluating the quality of group performance in the domain of music. However, across six studies, visual information dominated rapid judgments of group performance. Participants (1062 experts and novices) were able to select the actual winners of live ensemble competitions and distinguish top-ranked orchestras from non-ranked orchestras based on 6-s silent video recordings yet were unable to do so from sound recordings or recordings with both video and sound. These findings suggest that judgments of group performance in the domain of music are driven at least in part by visual cues about group dynamics and leadership.

Type: Article
Title: The vision heuristic: Judging music ensembles by sight alone
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2013.10.003
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2013.10.003
Additional information: �© 2013 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Social perception; Snap judgment; Judgment and decision making; Visual cues; Nonverbal behavior; Performance; Expertise; Groups; Team effectiveness; Cooperation;
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Management Science and Innovation
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1434479
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