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Influence of strain rate and acceleration on the behaviour of reconstituted clays at small strains

Sorensen, KK; Baudet, BA; Simpson, B; (2010) Influence of strain rate and acceleration on the behaviour of reconstituted clays at small strains. GEOTECHNIQUE , 60 (10) 751 - 763. 10.1680/geot.07.D.147.

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Abstract

This paper attempts to bridge the gap between the well-known characteristics of strain rate-independent elastic stiffness and of the time-dependent behaviour of clays at large strains. Effects of acceleration, strain rate and ageing are examined in the very small to small strain region, using results from tests on reconstituted London Clay and kaolin. Static measurements of the shear modulus at small strains, using local instrumentation, indicate that the shear modulus is rate-independent when the soil is subjected to elastic deformations only. Most often, in practice, soil specimens are left to rest between the compression and shearing stages, until deformations associated with creep become negligible. The testing strain rate imposed upon shearing induces a temporary acceleration of strains, which results in very high measured stiffnesses. Test data show, however, that when the shearing axial strain rate is of the same order of magnitude as that measured at the end of the compression/creep stage, the remaining plastic creep strains influence the measured stiffness, which is then measured to be comparatively low. Test data also seem to show that temporary strain acceleration may hide effects of recent stress path rotation. Additionally, bender element tests were performed during isotropic compression tests with changes in stress rate and creep stages. The data indicate that the strain rate affects the value of the dynamic shear modulus of the soil. It is suggested that the increase in dynamic shear modulus during short-term creep is caused by mechanisms linked to the gradual decrease in strain rate during creep, but further investigation would be needed to clarify which physical mechanisms. A new method to account for strain rate in evaluating the dynamic shear modulus of normally consolidated reconstituted clays is finally proposed.

Type:Article
Title:Influence of strain rate and acceleration on the behaviour of reconstituted clays at small strains
DOI:10.1680/geot.07.D.147
Keywords:clays, creep, dynamics, laboratory tests, stiffness, time dependence, TIME-DEPENDENT BEHAVIOR, LOCAL AXIAL STRAINS, LONDON CLAY, STIFFNESS, TESTS, GEOMATERIALS, KAOLIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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