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The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature

Solberg, C; Rossetto, T; Joffe, H; (2010) The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences , 10 (8) 1663 - 1677. 10.5194/nhess-10-1663-2010. Green and gold open access

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Abstract

The majority of people at risk from earthquakes do little or nothing to reduce their vulnerability. Over the past 40 years social scientists have tried to predict and explain levels of seismic hazard adjustment using models from behavioural sciences such as psychology. The present paper is the first to synthesise the major findings from the international literature on psychological correlates and causes of seismic adjustment at the level of the individual and the household. It starts by reviewing research on seismic risk perception. Next, it looks at norms and normative beliefs, focusing particularly on issues of earthquake protection responsibility and trust between risk stakeholders. It then considers research on attitudes towards seismic adjustment attributes, specifically beliefs about efficacy, control and fate. It concludes that an updated model of seismic adjustment must give the issues of norms, trust, power and identity a more prominent role. These have been only sparsely represented in the social psychological literature to date.

Type:Article
Title:The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature
Open access status:An open access publication. A version is also available from UCL Discovery.
DOI:10.5194/nhess-10-1663-2010
Publisher version:http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-1663-2010
Language:English
Additional information:© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords:1994 Northridge earthquake, negative threat appeals, Bucharest municipality/romania, environmental hazards, system justification, risk perceptions, planned behavior, group norms, preparedness, information
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Science and Technology Studies

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