The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
1663 - 1677.
The majority of people at risk from earthquakes do little or nothing to reduce their vulnerability. Over the past 40 years social scientists have tried to predict and explain levels of seismic hazard adjustment using models from behavioural sciences such as psychology. The present paper is the first to synthesise the major findings from the international literature on psychological correlates and causes of seismic adjustment at the level of the individual and the household. It starts by reviewing research on seismic risk perception. Next, it looks at norms and normative beliefs, focusing particularly on issues of earthquake protection responsibility and trust between risk stakeholders. It then considers research on attitudes towards seismic adjustment attributes, specifically beliefs about efficacy, control and fate. It concludes that an updated model of seismic adjustment must give the issues of norms, trust, power and identity a more prominent role. These have been only sparsely represented in the social psychological literature to date.
|Title:||The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Keywords:||1994 Northridge earthquake, negative threat appeals, Bucharest municipality/romania, environmental hazards, system justification, risk perceptions, planned behavior, group norms, preparedness, information|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Science and Technology Studies
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